Nasdaq is the largest US electronic stock market, listing more companies and, on average, trading more shares per day than any other US market.
It is home to companies that are leaders across all areas of business, including technology, retail, communications, financial services, transportation, media and biotechnology. NASDAQ is the primary market for trading NASDAQ-listed stocks.
The company's own account of its history contains a dazzling array of acclamation for achievements in its brief life to date. NASDAQ does not hide its light under a bushel. Rather it seems to believe that if you do not blow your own trumpet, no one else will.
NASDAQ says it has evolved dramatically from its beginnings in 1971 as primarily a US-based equities exchange.
Along the way, it says it transformed the world’s capital markets by engineering precedent-setting acquisitions, achieving groundbreaking progress, and empowering people to think differently and businesses to compete more effectively.
- the vision: to connect business, capital and ideas to advance today’s global economies.
- the mission: To provide market-leading technology solutions and
Intelligence to help businesses and investors succeed
NASDAQ operates one of the world’s largest networks of exchanges. This spans
- 25 markets
- one clearing house
- five central securities depositories
Although today’s NASDAQ story began more than 40 years ago, it contains a rich history of the creation of financial and capital marketplaces throughout the world. As the company has grown, so has its heritage.
With the inclusion of several stock exchanges in the United States and Europe, NASDAQ’s heritage includes the Philadelphia Stock Exchange, the first exchange established in the US in 1790, the Copenhagen Exchange created in 1808, as well as the Boston Exchange launched in 1834.
NASDAQ says it enables customers to plan, optimise and execute their business vision with confidence, using proven technologies that provide transparency and insight for navigating today’s global capital markets.
NASDAQ services support the entire trade lifecycle
- from pre-trade to post-trade risk management
- access and connectivity
- reporting and clearing
NASDAQ's markets trade multiple asset classes including
- structured products
NASDAQ boasts that its delivery of the most innovative technology solutions has transformed capital markets around the world.
It says it has grown into a diversified financial technology, trading and information services provider to the capital markets, with more than 3,500 colleagues serving businesses and investors from over 50 offices in 26 countries across six continents.
It calculates that it now has tens of thousands of diverse indices that cross industry sectors, and cover asset classes spanning equities, options, futures, fixed-income, commodities, derivatives and structured products, with support provided for a trade’s entire lifecycle.
The results are global exchanges that currently list some companies, representing more than $US10.0 trillion and approximately 18,000 corporate clients.
NASDAQ is built around four complementary business segments
Address: One Liberty Plaza 165 Broadway New York, NY 10006
Number of companies listed: 3,800 in 35 countries at 3 March 2017
Market capitalisation: US$10 trillion-plus
President and chief executive officer: Adena Friedman
Opening hours: (all times US Eastern Standard Time)
Pre-Market: 4:00 a.m. to 9:30 a.m.
Regular Market: 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
After Market: 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.
Quotes and order entry available from 4:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. All quotes are open and firm from 4:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
Closing price information reported externally by Nasdaq to market data vendors and the media is based on the price at 4:01 p.m. EST, when the market officially closes, and is not affected by other sessions.
Nordic trading hours vary from market to market and product to product.
Revenues: $2,277m in 2016, up from $1,895m in 2013
Net income: $621m in 2016, up from $484m in 2013
Best known indices: A vast spectrum of stock market indices is traded on NASDAQ, too many to list here. They range from XAX, the Amex Composite, VOLNDX, the DWS NASDAQ-100 Volatility Target Index and FTSEQ500, the FTSE NASDAQ 500 Index, to NDXE, the NASDAQ-100 Equal Weighted Index, VINX30, the VINX 30 and WLX, the Wilshere 5000.
Five biggest companies listed as of 8 May 2017: Apple, Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon.com, Facebook. NASDAQ companies represent more than 90% of the Fortune 500.
Fun facts: Market Bell Ceremonies at the Nasdaq MarketSite in New York’s Times Square are designed to serve as a platform to generate exposure for companies, make a news announcement or celebrate corporate milestones.
They are choreographed by a professional event planner; NASDAQ says each ceremony is carefully designed to showcase the company in question on the NASDAQ Webcam, MarketSite Tower and participating television networks.
These include CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Fox Business News and many others. Proper attire for the Bell Ceremony is business or business casual. No jeans or sneakers.
NASDAQ can point to what it describes as a remarkable legacy of industry launches and firsts
1790 First exchange in the US – Philadelphia Stock Exchange
1808 First exchange in the Nordics – Copenhagen Exchange
1834 Boston Exchange launched
1971 First to invent electronic trading and the modern IPO – NASDAQ; NASDAQ Stock Exchange is created by the National Association of Securities Dealers and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority
1985 Launch of NASDAQ100 Index
1987 Separates from National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD)
1989 First exchange to support Silicon Valley Innovators
1991 First to sell its technology to power other exchanges
First integrated derivatives trading and clearing system
1993 First US depth-of-book transparency with NQDS (Level 2 data)
1995 First to sell market technology to Asia and Hong Kong
First securities trading session in Latvia’s history organized by Riga Stock Exchange
First securities issue registered and settlement operation by Latvian Central Depository
1996 First to launch a financial website – www.NASDAQ.com
1997 First to offer its listed companies a 24/7 intelligence website – NASDAQ Online
First Baltic exchange to introduce continuous trading at variable prices – Riga Stock Exchange
2001 First US exchange to meet ISO 9001 standards
2002 First to offer a Market Intelligence Desk for listings
2003 First to own business solutions for listings
2004 First to offer dual listing
2005 First to create the world’s highest initial listing standards – NASDAQ Global Select Market
2007 The successor to the Philadelphia Stock Exchange is bought by NASDAQ, which also acquires OMX to form NASDAQ OMX Group
2008 First to launch an affinity programme for listed companies – NASDAQ OMX Advantage
2010 First US equity trading platform with a price-size priority model, which rewards size and liquidity - PSX
First to offer data on demand First Green Exchange in the world (Helsinki)
2011 First multi-asset risk management clearing platform in Europe
2012 First to offer a financial services-specific solution for data and infrastructure management in the cloud
First US exchange to apply FPGA technology to market data distribution
First North American exchange accepted into the United Nations Global Compact
2013 First technology provider to offer cloud-based storage for regulatory records retention
First to offer long-haul wireless connectivity using microwave technology
Basis for first cross-border Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) listed in China – the Guotai NASDAQ-100 ETF First ETF-listing exchange to launch a competitive payment for a market-making programme
Acquired Thomson Reuters’ investor relations, public relations and multimedia solutions businesses
Acquired eSpeed, the leading provider of electronic trading of US Treasury securities
2017 NASDAQ and Depósito Central de Valores (DCV) sign a new landmark agreement to bolster the technological infrastructure of Chile’s central securities depository
- Animals to equity: stock market histories of the world
- Major milestones on way to modern stock markets
Top ten stock exchanges of the world
- New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
- NASDAQ (originally the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation exchange)
- London Stock Exchange (LSE)
- Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE)
- Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE)
- Hong Kong Stock Exchange (SEHK)
- Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE)
- Toronto Stock Exchange (TMX)
- Frankfurt Stock Exchange (FWB)