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Crypto markets tumble as Fed considers paring balance sheet

By Robert Davis

21:52, 5 January 2022

Basic miner rig for cryptocurrency mining
Crypto markets fall as Federal Reserve considers reducing assets - Photo: Shutterstock

Cryptocurrency markets fell sharply Wednesday after the US Federal Reserve released meeting minutes that show the bank is considering reducing its $8.3tn (£6.12tn) balance sheet.

Bitcoin was down nearly 5% to $44,150 per unit by 21:00 UTC. Other popular assets such as Ethereum and Solana saw steeper declines of 5.7% and 6.5%, respectively.

FOMC meeting minutes

The US Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), which oversees open market operations, released minutes from its most recent meeting on Wednesday that show the agency is considering drawing down the central bank’s balance sheet.

“Some participants judged that a significant amount of balance sheet shrinkage could be appropriate over the normalisation process, especially in light of abundant liquidity in money markets,” the notes said.

Since the beginning of the pandemic, the Federal Reserve has pumped more than $4tn into the US economy. In turn, this has led to inflation lingering around longer than expected, which buoyed the crypto markets.

Now that the Fed is beginning to wind-down its stimulus programs, some analysts say it is reducing investor appetite for risk assets and growth stocks.

Crypto mining takes a hit

One area of the market that was hit hardest by the reaction to the FOMC minutes was crypto mining stocks such as Riot Blockchain and Hut8, both of which saw their stocks decline by greater than 12% on Wednesday.

The stock of Hut8, Canada’s largest mining company, dropped to $7.10, a fall of $1 per share on the day.


3,116.57 Price
-0.230% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0616%
Short position overnight fee 0.0137%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 6.00


0.53 Price
-0.150% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0753%
Short position overnight fee 0.0069%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 0.01168


67,317.45 Price
+0.390% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0616%
Short position overnight fee 0.0137%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 106.00


0.15 Price
+0.090% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0753%
Short position overnight fee 0.0069%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 0.0012872

The move came after the company released its December mining data which showed it has increased its Bitcoin holdings by 97% over the last year and increased its hashrate by 125% over the same period.

Riot Blockchain's stock dropped by 12% to $21.44 on the day.

Crypto adoption continues to expand

Despite the down day for the markets overall, crypto adoption continues to expand.

MoneyGram, a Dallas, Texas-based financial services company, announced on Wednesday that it has acquired a 4% minority stake in the crypto exchange CoinMe.

The deal builds on a partnership the two entities struck in May 2021 to help bridge the gap between crypto and fiat currency. The new partnership will create new buy-and-sell locations for bitcoin, making it easier to turn a holder’s crypto into fiat currency, the company said in a press release.

“We see this as an incredible opportunity to continue our strong growth and build on our leading presence in the world of crypto," said Neil Bergquist, Coinme CEO. "With MoneyGram's global network and infrastructure, both the company's continued partnership and strategic investment will help us accelerate our growth and international expansion."

Read more: Australia’s Macquarie and Blockstream to explore green bitcoin mining

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The difference between trading assets and CFDs
The main difference between CFD trading and trading assets, such as commodities and stocks, is that you don’t own the underlying asset when you trade on a CFD.
You can still benefit if the market moves in your favour, or make a loss if it moves against you. However, with traditional trading you enter a contract to exchange the legal ownership of the individual shares or the commodities for money, and you own this until you sell it again.
CFDs are leveraged products, which means that you only need to deposit a percentage of the full value of the CFD trade in order to open a position. But with traditional trading, you buy the assets for the full amount. In the UK, there is no stamp duty on CFD trading, but there is when you buy stocks, for example.
CFDs attract overnight costs to hold the trades (unless you use 1-1 leverage), which makes them more suited to short-term trading opportunities. Stocks and commodities are more normally bought and held for longer. You might also pay a broker commission or fees when buying and selling assets direct and you’d need somewhere to store them safely.
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