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SEC moves against American CryptoFed token: CEO ‘confident’

By Kevin Donovan


American CryptoFed flag
American CryptoFed – Photo: American CryptoFed DAO LLC

The US Securities & Exchange Commission initiated proceedings against American CryptoFed DAO Wednesday, alleging its recent Form 10 filing contained “materially deficient and misleading information,” the regulator announced.

American CryptoFed CEO Marian Orr, however, told she is “very confident we did nothing illegal,” adding, “Nobody has been materially mislead. We have no investors.”

“In a letter to the SEC dated October 12, 2021, we rebutted point by point the deficiencies raised by the SEC,” Orr said in CryptoFed’s official statement released Wednesday afternoon. “The purported ‘deficiencies’ the SEC referred to were the lack of attributes inherent to securities.”

CryptoFed statement

“These are attributes that the two tokens (Locke and Ducat) of a decentralized blockchain-based CryptoFed DAO monetary system will never have,” the statement continued. “The SEC refused to respond to our rebuttal, although we repeatedly asked for their written response.”

“If the SEC is unready to make a declaration that CryptoFeds two tokens (Locke and Ducat) are not securities, to meet the spirit of Securities Laws’ transparency and disclosure, we shall argue SEC should allow our Form 10 filing to become effective in time so that we may continue disclosing material and substantial information to the SEC, related parties and the general public.”

The SEC said in the release the proceedings essentially halt the pending automatic registration of a pair of crypto utility tokens, called Locke and Ducat, from becoming effective on 15 November, or 60 days after the initial filing date.

Outdated laws?

“Issuers attempting to raise money from the public must provide the information necessary for investors to make informed decisions,” said SEC Cyber Unit Enforcement Division Chief Kristina Littman in a statement issued by the SEC. “We allege American CryptoFed made materially misleading statements and failed to provide legally required information in its registration form.”

Orr admitted, however, as a result of the SEC’s enforcement action, “We’re probably not filing our 8-K on Monday.”


67,101.15 Price
+0.180% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0616%
Short position overnight fee 0.0137%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 106.00


0.53 Price
+0.010% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0753%
Short position overnight fee 0.0069%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 0.01168


3,118.75 Price
+0.840% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0616%
Short position overnight fee 0.0137%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 6.00


0.16 Price
+0.420% 1D Chg, %
Long position overnight fee -0.0753%
Short position overnight fee 0.0069%
Overnight fee time 21:00 (UTC)
Spread 0.0012872

At issue, Orr said, was the rapidly changing crypto world is evolving under laws that were created in 1934. “In our dialogue (with the SEC) we asked specifically they (Locke and Ducat tokens) be recognised as a currency and not a security,” Orr said.

Martin Zerwitz and Michael Baker of the Cyber Unit are conducting the SEC’s investigation. Cyber Unit Assistant Director Deborah Tarasevich and Ms Littman are supervising the investigation.

A stable token

As previously reported by, the SEC had asked the Cheyenne, Wyoming-based token issuer to withdraw its Form 10, asserting the firm failed to comply with the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, specifically sections regarding appropriate disclosures.

The Form 10 said American CryptoFed’s mission is to “create and maintain a monetary system with zero inflation, zero deflation and zero transaction costs.”

CryptoFed views its Ducats as “daily use currency,” an inflation and deflation protected stable token, as defined by the Personal Consumption Expenditures Price Index published monthly by the US Department of Commerce.

Ducats would be stabilised by buying and selling between Locke and Ducat “through ongoing open market operations similar to those of the (Federal Reserve),” Orr said in an earlier press release.

Read more: Exclusive: This CEO is calling the SEC's bluff on crypto

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The difference between trading assets and CFDs
The main difference between CFD trading and trading assets, such as commodities and stocks, is that you don’t own the underlying asset when you trade on a CFD.
You can still benefit if the market moves in your favour, or make a loss if it moves against you. However, with traditional trading you enter a contract to exchange the legal ownership of the individual shares or the commodities for money, and you own this until you sell it again.
CFDs are leveraged products, which means that you only need to deposit a percentage of the full value of the CFD trade in order to open a position. But with traditional trading, you buy the assets for the full amount. In the UK, there is no stamp duty on CFD trading, but there is when you buy stocks, for example.
CFDs attract overnight costs to hold the trades (unless you use 1-1 leverage), which makes them more suited to short-term trading opportunities. Stocks and commodities are more normally bought and held for longer. You might also pay a broker commission or fees when buying and selling assets direct and you’d need somewhere to store them safely.
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