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What is same-day affirmation?

Same-day affirmation

Same-day affirmation, also commonly known as SDA or T0, is a term used in trading to describe when the full trade verification process is completed on the same day that the trade took place, thus completing a large part of the trading process within a single day.

Where have you heard about same-day affirmation?

Same-day affirmation is used in a number of markets across the world, and if you’ve traded stocks then there is a chance you’ve encountered the process. Countries including India, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and Korea have a same-day affirmation rate of 90%, while Brazil, Italy, South Africa and the United State have SDA scores of less than 70%.

What you need to know about same-day affirmation.

Trade verification is used to make sure that all parties are happy with the essential details of a trade, and it is usually carried out in a partnership between the investment manager and the broker/dealer. There are four important steps in the verification process:

  1. Notice of execution by the broker/dealer
  2. Transmission of allocation details by the investment manager
  3. Confirmation of those details by the broker/dealer
  4. Affirmation by the investment manager

Once the affirmation has been completed the trade is marked as verified, allowing the clearing and settlement process to begin. Same-day affirmation is critical in enabling shortened settlement cycles.


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