Contracts for difference (CFDs) are a popular way to speculate on the foreign exchange (forex) market, providing traders with exposure to both rising and falling prices without taking ownership of the underlying asset. Therefore, a solid comprehension of how CFDs on forex work may help traders to enhance their trading strategy while navigating the global currency markets.
In this guide, we take a look at forex CFDs in more detail, exploring the intricacies of this versatile instrument.
Forex CFDs are derivative instruments that allow traders to speculate on price movements of currency pairs without owning the underlying asset.
Potential benefits of trading CFDs on forex include leverage, the ability to trade in any direction, round-the-clock trading, and no ownership requirements. Note that leverage can magnify both profits and losses.
To start trading forex CFDs, traders may need to choose a reputable broker, open an account, and develop a solid trading strategy with sensible risk-management techniques.
Common mistakes in trading forex CFDs include emotional decision-making, lack of strategy, inadequate research and ineffective risk management.
What are CFDs in forex trading?
CFDs are financial derivatives that allow traders to speculate on price movements of various asset classes, including forex, without directly owning them. CFDs allow the use of leverage, which magnifies both profits and losses, and to open a short position, speculating on an asset’s price to fall.
Forex, on the other hand, is an asset class representing a global marketplace where individuals and institutions trade currencies. Forex trading involves buying one currency while simultaneously selling another, forming currency pairs that reflect the relative value of one currency against another.
Difference between forex trading and CFDs
The principal distinction between forex and CFD trading lies in the fact that CFDs are derivative instruments, meaning that traders do not possess the underlying asset.
In contrast, forex refers to the asset itself. Hence, a trader can buy a CFD in forex, without buying and selling the currency itself.
Key aspects of trading CFDs on forex
Leverage: Trading CFDs on forex allows for leverage, enabling traders to open larger positions with smaller capital deposits. Note that leverage can magnify both profits and losses.
Round-the-clock trading: The forex market operates 24/5, allowing CFD traders to engage in continuous activity throughout the week.
No ownership involved: Trading CFDs on forex means traders don’t need to own the underlying asset, eliminating the complexities that holding and exchanging physical currencies may involve.
How to trade CFD on forex?
Below are a few steps you may want to undertake to start trading forex CFDs.
Choosing a CFD broker for forex trading
Firstly, traders who want to speculate on forex markets using CFDs would need to choose a CFD broker. Traders may consider several factors to ensure the broker aligns with their individual needs and goals. These include the broker’s regulatory status, the range of currency pairs offered, trading platform features, and overall ease of use.
For example, at Capital.com we offer a variety of currency pairs and technical analysis tools to enhance the trading experience.
Additionally, traders may want to examine the fee structure, including spreads, commissions, and any additional costs. Customer support, educational resources, and a demo account to test the trading platform may also prove to be valuable offerings.
Opening an account
After identifying a suitable broker, traders can proceed to open a CFD account, which typically involves providing personal information and verifying identity.
For example, at Capital.com you can open an account by clicking the ‘trade’ button on the top left of any page on our website. You would then need to provide your email address, create a password (or you have the option to log in via your Google, Facebook or Apple account), confirm your residency, answer a quick survey and prove your identity.
Understanding leverage and margin in CFD trading
Leverage allows traders to open larger positions with a smaller initial deposit, effectively magnifying their potential gains or losses. For example, at Capital.com we offer 30:1 leverage (or 3.3333% margin) on some currency pairs, which means a trader can open a position worth £3,000 with £100 initial capital.
Understanding leverage and margin is essential for forex CFD trading. Applying high leverage can amplify both profits and losses, increasing the potential for rapid account depletion if not managed properly. By grasping these concepts, traders can make informed decisions on the appropriate level of leverage and margin to use in their trading strategy, striking a balance between risk and potential rewards.
Understanding stop-loss and take-profit orders
Stop-loss orders automatically close a position when it reaches a predetermined level of loss, preventing further losses in case of adverse market movements. Note, however, that ordinary stop-losses may not protect from slippage during high volatility. For this, there is an option of a guaranteed stop-loss that incurs a fee if triggered.
Conversely, take-profit orders lock in profits by closing a position when it reaches a specified level of gain.
On the Capital.com platform traders can add stop-loss or take-profit orders when opening a position. For example, looking at the screenshot below of opening a CFD position on USD/JPY, there is an option to “Sell when price is”, which can serve as both a stop-loss or a take-profit.
There is also an option to “Close at loss” or “Close at profit”, in which traders can specify the amount, distance or price level.
Designing a trading strategy
After opening an account, traders can start buying and selling CFDs on forex. Designing a trading strategy may prove a useful step here as it helps them make informed decisions and maintain consistency of trading approach.
A well-crafted trading strategy incorporates elements such as technical and fundamental analysis, risk management, and trade execution. It involves defining clear entry and exit points, as well as determining position sizing and timeframes for trades.
There are a variety of trading strategies, ranging from day trading and scalping to swing trading, and position trading. It’s up to the trader to find the strategy that’s appropriate for their needs. Below are some strategies based on a position’s time frame.
Risk management for forex CFDs
Grasping the risks associated with CFD trading on forex can help traders to make informed decisions and implement effective risk-management strategies. While there are a variety of risks that trading CFDs on forex may involve, the main are:
Leverage risk: High leverage levels can amplify gains, but also magnify losses, leading to significant financial risks if the market moves against the trader's position.
Market volatility risk: Forex markets can be highly volatile, and sudden price fluctuations may result in significant losses for CFD traders, particularly if they don't employ risk-management techniques.
Position sizing: Determining the appropriate size of your trade based on your account size and risk tolerance may help limit potential losses and maintain a healthy risk-to-reward ratio.
Stop-loss orders: Setting stop-loss orders to automatically close trades if the market moves against you by a predetermined amount may protect your account from substantial losses. Remember that ordinary stop-losses don’t protect from slippage. For that you may need a guaranteed stop-loss, which incurs a fee if triggered.
Take-profit orders: Utilising take-profit orders to lock in gains when the market reaches a specific target can help in ensuring that you don't miss out on profit.
Diversification: Spreading your risk by trading on a variety of currency pairs or other assets can help in reducing the impact of negative events on any single position.
Common mistakes to avoid in CFD trading on forex
Common mistakes in forex CFD trading would be similar to those involved in trading other assets. Some pitfalls to avoid include:
Cognitive biases: Emotions tend to run high in trading, which can lead to impulsive decision making. Some of the biases to be aware of include overconfidence, hot-hands fallacy, sell-attribution bias, loss aversion, alongside others.
Insufficient research and analysis: Inadequate due diligence may result in ill-informed trades and unfavourable outcomes. Make sure to always conduct thorough research, looking at the latest news, analyst commentary, technical and fundamental analysis.
Lack of a well-crafted trading strategy: Not having a clear, structured approach may hinder long-term performance in trading forex CFDs.
Poor risk-management practices: Failing to implement effective risk-management techniques or taking too much risk can jeopardise trading performance and lead to losses.
In conclusion, trading CFDs on forex offers numerous advantages, such as leverage, the ability to speculate on both rising and falling market prices, and round-the-clock trading. It is essential for traders to understand the differences between CFDs and traditional forex trading, as well as the various strategies and risk-management techniques applicable to this versatile instrument.
Before diving into forex CFD trading, traders will need to choose a reputable broker, open an account, and develop a solid trading strategy that incorporates risk-management practices. Equally important is the avoidance of common mistakes, such as emotional decision-making and inadequate research, which can hinder long-term performance.
By gaining a comprehensive understanding of forex CFDs, as well as the associated risks and opportunities, traders can better navigate the global currency markets and make well-informed decisions that align with their individual needs and goals.
Can I trade forex CFDs on my phone?
Yes, provided your broker offers a mobile trading app.
What are the fees associated with CFD forex trading?
Fees associated with CFD forex trading may include spreads, commissions, overnight financing charges, and account-maintenance fees. The exact fees depend on your broker.
Can I use a demo account to practise CFD forex trading?
Yes, many brokers, including Capital.com, offer demo accounts for practice, allowing you to trade CFDs on forex with virtual money before using real funds.