France's rate of unemployment rose in the third quarter, failing to make any dent on President Macron's election pledge of bringing joblessness down to 7% by 2022.
The country's unemployment rate rose to 9.7% in the July-September period, from 9.5% in the previous quarter. Year on year, however, the rate was down from 10%.
Emmanuel Macron, president, introduced a number of controversial reforms during the third quarter, designed to make the labour market more flexible.
These included reforms to weaken collective bargaining so companies can deal with their own workforce with less fear of industry interference. Unions, however, have protested many of the reforms.