What is EUR/AUD?
This Forex pair brings together two major global currencies – EUR and AUD.
The EUR/AUD price shows the worth of the euro (base currency) as measured in the Australian dollars (counter currency). EUR is exchanged for AUD without having to convert the base currency into US dollars, meaning that EUR/AUD is a cross pair.
EUR and AUD are the world’s second and fifth most traded currencies respectively. Although this Forex pair couples the global majors, EUR/AUD itself is considered a major Forex pair.
AUD and the economy behind it
The Australian dollar is the official currency of Australia, which was introduced on 14 February 1966. Nicknamed ‘the aussie’ to distinguish it from the rest of the dollars, AUD is also used in other territories and countries, including Zimbabwe, Australian Antarctic Territory, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu and more.
The Kiribati dollar and the Tuvaluan dollar are pegged to the aussie, which used to be a fixed currency as well: AUD was previously pegged to the pound sterling and the US dollar but since 1983 its value is determined but the market’s supply and demand.
The Australian dollar is heavily reliant on commodities, especially on the production and exportation of gold. Australian is rich in natural resources, including gold, coal and iron ore, and is the second largest producer and transporter of gold worldwide. Thus, the aussie fluctuates together with changes in commodity prices.
The Australian dollar is managed by the Reserve Bank of Australia, which is control of the interest rates and the entire monetary policy.
EUR and the economic relations with Australia
The official currency of the European Union (EU), EUR is used by approximately 340 million people every day. The euro was introduced in 1999, but the currency’s banknotes and coins came into usage three years later.
EUR is a common currency for 19 out of 28 European Union members. In addition to official users, there’s a number of countries who have fixed their currencies to the euro’s value. In particular, the Moroccan dirham, the Danish krone, the Comorian franc and more are pegged to the EU currency unit.
EUR is the second most traded currency unit, controlled by the European Central Bank (ECB), the institution in charge of the entire EU monetary policy.
The economy of the European Union is ranked the second largest one globally. Collectively, EU members have limited trading relationships with Australia, with Germany as the main trading partner within the EU. Australia is the source of metals, energy products and foodstuffs for the EU, while the union exports vehicles and machinery.
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