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Rouble extends losses after rates slashed; Eurobonds in focus


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A file photo shows a customer handing over Russian rouble banknotes and coins to a vendor at a market in Omsk, Russia October 29, 2021.
A file photo shows a customer handing over Russian rouble banknotes and coins to a vendor at a market in Omsk, Russia October 29, 2021.

- The Russian rouble extended its losses on Friday after plunging the previous session as the central bank slashed interest rates, signalling more cuts to come, and the prospect of easing capital controls and a possible sovereign default hammered the currency.

The rouble slumped around 10% to the dollar and euro on Thursday as the central bank cut its key rate to 11%, the third 300-basis-point cut in a row, as inflation slows from more than 20-year highs.

At 0727 GMT, the rouble was 2.1% weaker against the dollar at 66.63 RUBUTSTN=MCX, a more than two-week low. On Wednesday, the rouble had hit its strongest level since February 2018 of 55.80 against the greenback.

Versus the euro, the rouble lost 4.4% to trade at 70.99 EURRUBTN=MCX, tumbling further away from the seven-year high of 57.10 hit on Wednesday.

Propped up by capital controls, the rouble had artificially risen to become the world's best-performing currency so far this year. New gas payment terms requiring conversion of foreign currency into roubles and a fall in imports have also helped.

But it has now lost the support of the month-end tax period that usually sees export-focused companies convert foreign currency into roubles to pay local liabilities.

Economy Minister Maxim Reshetnikov on Thursday said the currency's strength, which has raised concerns about the negative impact on Russia's budget revenue from exports, was making Russian goods uncompetitive abroad.

He expects the mandatory proportion of foreign currency revenue that exporters must convert into roubles to be cut further from 50%.

Market eyes are focused on Russia's National Settlement Depository (NSD), which has promised to make interest payments on Friday worth $71.25 million and 26.5 million euros ($28.5 million) on two Eurobonds RU000A0JWHA4=, RU234748670=

That is in spite of Washington deciding against extending a key licence that had allowed Moscow to keep paying bondholders despite the sanctions imposed over its actions in Ukraine. 

Russian stock indexes were mixed.

The dollar-denominated RTS index .IRTS was down 2.4% at 1,146.4 points. The rouble-based MOEX Russian index .IMOEX was 0.5% higher at 2,425.4 points.


(Reporting by Reuters; Editing by Nick Macfie)

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