What is Advanced Micro Devices?
Founded in 1969, Advanced Micro Devices is one of the world’s leaders in the microprocessor industry. Based in Santa Clara, California, AMD is a well-known American semiconductor company that specialises in the development of computer processors and related technologies for consumer markets and businesses.
Advanced Micro Devices is the second-largest producer of microprocessors and the only significant rival to Intel. Since the acquisition of ATI in 2006, AMD and NVIDIA have been sharing the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) market, maintaining a duopoly.
AMD’s major products include: microprocessors and integrated circuits, graphics and embedded processors for servers, personal computers and workstations, motherboard chipsets, flash memories, products for communications and networking applications.
Advanced Micro Devices trading hours
AMD shares are traded on the NASDAQ stock exchange according to the regular trading session schedule (EST):
- Pre-market trading hours from 4:00 to 9:30
- Market hours from 9:30 to 16:00
- After-market hours from 16:00 to 20:00
- Monday to Friday from 14:30 to 21:00
How to trade Advanced Micro Devices CFDs
An individual has two options when trading in the stock market. Firstly, they can buy shares in companies on the exchanges where they are listed. For instance, you can invest in AMD shares on the NASDAQ stock exchange, so you actually own a share in the company. This can be considered a long-term investment, as the individual is usually waiting for the price to rise over time.
Alternatively, they can trade a contract for difference (CFD) on a particular stock, and speculate on the price difference of the underlying asset, without actually owning the asset. A CFD is a financial contract, typically between a broker and an investor, where one party agrees to pay the other the difference in the value of a security, between the opening and closing of the trade. You can either hold a long position (speculating that the price will rise) or a short position (speculating that the price will fall). This is considered a short-term investment or trade, as CFDs tend to be used within shorter timeframes.
The key difference between trading a long position with a CFD and buying a security is the leverage that is employed. CFDs are traded on margin, which means that a trader can open larger positions with their capital.
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Trading the difference: When trading an AMD CFD, you don’t buy the underlying asset itself, meaning you are not tied to it. You only speculate on the rise or fall of the AMD stock price. CFD trading is nothing different from traditional trading in terms of strategies. A CFD investor can go short or long, set stop and limit losses and apply trading scenarios that align with their objectives.
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History of Advanced Micro Devices
Advanced Micro Devices was founded in 1969 by Jerry Sanders and 7 other co-founders in Santa Clara, California. The company was incorporated with $100,000 and specialized in building semiconductors for the electronics industry.
In September 1972, the company went public, selling 525,000 shares at $15 per share, bringing in $7.87 million. By the end of its fifth year, AMD was making $26.5 million in annual sales.
In 1979 the company debuted on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1985 AMD was listed in the Fortune 500 for the first time and developed its first graphics controller and graphics board product.
Finding new ways to compete, AMD broadened its “spheres of influence” and started producing microprocessors compatible with IBM computers, programmable logic devices, high-performance memories and networking and communication chips. In March 1991, AMD launched new versions of the Am386 microprocessor family, which broke Intel’s monopoly.
As with any equity, quarterly earnings announcements, as well as the financial performance of the wider stock market are two crucial factors to watch when deciding how AMD stock will perform.
In 2018, AMD shares were considered one of the best performing among the chip manufacturers in the S&P 500 index. According to the company’s second-quarter results for 2018, sales are up by 53% in comparison with the same period last year, due to the success of the AMD’s graphics, computing and enterprise hardware.
AMD's Ryzen chips, used in high-performance gaming and enterprise computers, outperform Intel's flagships. The company's graphics chips have also been selling well recently, as such processors are widely used for artificial intelligence applications.
Companies in the semiconductor industry are always in a race for smaller, cheaper and faster chips. Intel is the first and the largest competitor of AMD. The company is the world’s leader in supplying integrated digital technology platforms. The second AMD rival is IBM. Semiconductors represent only one piece of the company’s business - however, it continues to invest large amounts of money in chip technology. NVIDIA, another prominent AMD competitor, specialises in chips for gaming and graphics. Since 2006, when AMD acquired ATI, the two companies have established a duopoly in the GPU market.