Bitcoin is in danger of losing its status as the preferred hedge against inflation, according to some analysts and asset managers.
Crypto enthusiasts often argue that Bitcoin is the perfect hedge because of its limited supply. Therefore, it can’t be devalued because of increased production.
And many investors have bought into this philosophy. For example, Bitcoin reached its $69,000 mark just minutes after the latest US inflation report released on 10 November showed the US consumer price index (CPI) climbed to a 30-year high.
But some analysts note that ongoing regulatory and macroeconomic policy concerns are putting downward pressure on the asset class at a time of persistent inflation. They also note that these pressures are skewing the limited data used to judge Bitcoin’s effectiveness as a hedge.
One of the main macroeconomic concerns for the crypto market is the US Federal Reserve Bank’s hawkish stance on inflation, according to a research note published by analyst Genevieve Yeoh and Joo Kian at Delphi Digital.
The central bank that once described inflation as “transitory” reversed course on 30 November when Chair Jerome Powell told the US Senate Banking Committee that rising rising may persist longer than the initial projections showed.
Powell also told lawmakers that the central bank is considering reducing its bond purchases at an accelerated pace. Yeoh and Kian say this has already caused the market to “price in expectations for tighter monetary policy” and rising interest rates.
Kian says crypto investors should be concerned about rising interest rates because they can gauge investor appetite for risky asset classes.
The Fed’s bond purchase taper could increase interest rates, which could coincide with decreased investor demand for highly volatile assets like cryptocurrencies as investors seek shelter, Kian wrote in a note published on 24 November.
However, trading data from Binance shows that interest in cryptocurrencies remains strong despite the steady increase of the benchmark 10-year Treasury bond yield over the past few weeks.
The notional value of open interest in Bitcoin was more than $3.6bn by 16:25 UTC, the data shows. However, short interest in Bitcoin has risen over the last month and accounted for 47% of the positions taken on Binance on 2 December, the data shows.
To Karan Sood, a portfolio manager at CBOE Vest, Bitcoin was seemingly designed with today’s economic challenges in mind because of its limited supply. This makes it like other traditional inflation hedges such as gold and silver because Bitcoin’s cost of production is so high.
What makes the digital asset class different from other asset classes is its relative newness when compared to other hedges like gold, Sood says. This relative data imbalance favours traditional commodities, but that may change as more data is acquired, Sood adds.
Because of this lack of data, Sood says investors should approach their digital holdings like they would for other volatile assets during inflationary periods.
“Most investors move away from Bitcoin during inflationary periods because of its volatility,” Sood told Capital.com. “This is the same theoretical approach used to manage other volatile assets, so it makes sense to apply it in this case.”
So far this year, Bitcoin has returned more than 93% to its investors while gold has lost 3% of its value.
The main difference between CFD trading and trading assets, such as commodities and stocks, is that you don’t own the underlying asset when you trade on a CFD.
You can still benefit if the market moves in your favour, or make a loss if it moves against you. However, with traditional trading you enter a contract to exchange the legal ownership of the individual shares or the commodities for money, and you own this until you sell it again.
CFDs are leveraged products, which means that you only need to deposit a percentage of the full value of the CFD trade in order to open a position. But with traditional trading, you buy the assets for the full amount. In the UK, there is no stamp duty on CFD trading, but there is when you buy stocks, for example.
CFDs attract overnight costs to hold the trades (unless you use 1-1 leverage), which makes them more suited to short-term trading opportunities. Stocks and commodities are more normally bought and held for longer. You might also pay a broker commission or fees when buying and selling assets direct and you’d need somewhere to store them safely.